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Read online Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts.pdf PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts Play fool to catch wise proverb of Jamaican slaves Confrontations between the powerless and powerful are laden with deception the powerless feign deference and the powerful subtly assert their mastery Peasants serfs untouchables slaves laborers and prisoners are not free to speak their minds in the presence of power These subordinate groups instead create a secret discourse that represents a critique of power spoken behind the backs of the dominant At the same time the powerful also develop a private dialogue about practices and goals of their rule that cannot be openly avowed In this book renowned social scientist James C Scott offers a penetrating discussion both of the public roles played by the powerful and powerless and the mocking vengeful tone they display off stage what he terms their public and hidden transcripts Using examples from the literature history and politics of cultures around the world Scott examines the many guises this interaction has taken throughout history and the tensions and contradictions it reflects Scott describes the ideological resistance of subordinate groups their gossip folktales songs jokes and theater their use of anonymity and ambiguity He also analyzes how ruling elites attempt to convey an impression of hegemony through such devices as parades state ceremony and rituals of subordination and apology Finally he identifies with quotations that range from the recollections of American slaves to those of Russian citizens during the beginnings of Gorbachev s i glasnost i campaign the political electricity generated among oppressed groups when for the first time the hidden transcript is spoken directly and publicly in the face of power His landmark work will revise our understanding of subordination resistance hegemony folk culture and the ideas behind revolt by James C. Scott

Books descriptionDetails
Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts
Title:Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts
Format Type:eBook PDF / e-Pub
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Published:
ISBN:0300056699
ISBN 13:
Number of Pages:269
Category:History, Politics, Anthropology, Non fiction, Philosophy, Sociology, Theory
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Comparative Political Corruption, Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed, Two Cheers for Anarchism: Six Easy Pieces on Autonomy, Dignity and Meaningful Work and Play, Against the Grain: A Deep History of the Earliest States, Decoding Subaltern Politics: Ideology, Disguise, and Resistance in Agrarian Politics, Perlawanan Kaum Tani, The Art of Not Being Governed: An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast Asia, Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance, The Moral Economy of the Peasant: Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia, Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts
Play fool to catch wise proverb of Jamaican slaves Confrontations between the powerless and powerful are laden with deception the powerless feign deference and the powerful subtly assert their mastery Peasants serfs untouchables slaves laborers and prisoners are not free to speak their minds in the presence of power These subordinate groups instead create a secret discourse that represents a critique of power spoken behind the backs of the dominant At the same time the powerful also develop a private dialogue about practices and goals of their rule that cannot be openly avowed In this book renowned social scientist James C Scott offers a penetrating discussion both of the public roles played by the powerful and powerless and the mocking vengeful tone they display off stage what he terms their public and hidden transcripts Using examples from the literature history and politics of cultures around the world Scott examines the many guises this interaction has taken throughout history and the tensions and contradictions it reflects Scott describes the ideological resistance of subordinate groups their gossip folktales songs jokes and theater their use of anonymity and ambiguity He also analyzes how ruling elites attempt to convey an impression of hegemony through such devices as parades state ceremony and rituals of subordination and apology Finally he identifies with quotations that range from the recollections of American slaves to those of Russian citizens during the beginnings of Gorbachev s i glasnost i campaign the political electricity generated among oppressed groups when for the first time the hidden transcript is spoken directly and publicly in the face of power His landmark work will revise our understanding of subordination resistance hegemony folk culture and the ideas behind revolt, James C Scott places the critical problem of the peasant household subsistence at the center of this study The fear of food shortages he argues persuasively explains many otherwise puzzling technical social and moral arrangements in peasant society such as resistance to innovation the desire to own land even at some cost in terms of income relationships with other people and relationships with institutions including the state br br Once the centrality of the subsistence problem is recognized its effects on notions of economic and political justice can also be seen Scott draws from the history of agrarian society in lower Burma and Vietnam to show how the transformations of the colonial era systematically violated the peasants moral economy and created a situation of potential rebellion and revolution br br Demonstrating keen insights into the behavior of people in other cultures and a rare ability to generalize soundly from case studies Scott offers a different perspective on peasant behavior that will be of interest particularly to political scientists anthropologists sociologists and Southeast Asianists br br The book is extraordinarily original and valuable and will have a very broad appeal I think the central thesis is correct and compelling Clifford Geertz br br In this major work Scott views peasants as political and moral actors defending their values as well as their individual security making his book vital to an understanding of peasant politics Library Journal, b An account of all the new and surprising evidence now available for the beginnings of the earliest civilizations that contradict the standard narrative b br br Why did humans abandon hunting and gathering for sedentary communities dependent on livestock and cereal grains and governed by precursors of today s states Most people believe that plant and animal domestication allowed humans finally to settle down and form agricultural villages towns and states which made possible civilization law public order and a presumably secure way of living But archaeological and historical evidence challenges this narrative The first agrarian states says James C Scott were born of accumulations of domestications first fire then plants livestock subjects of the state captives and finally women in the patriarchal family all of which can be viewed as a way of gaining control over reproduction br br Scott explores why we avoided sedentism and plow agriculture the advantages of mobile subsistence the unforeseeable disease epidemics arising from crowding plants animals and grain and why all early states are based on millets and cereal grains and unfree labor He also discusses the barbarians who long evaded state control as a way of understanding continuing tension between states and nonsubject peoples, Compulsory i ujamaa i villages in Tanzania collectivization in Russia Le Corbusier s urban planning theory realized in Brasilia the Great Leap Forward in China agricultural modernization in the Tropics the twentieth century has been racked by grand utopian schemes that have inadvertently brought death and disruption to millions Why do well intentioned plans for improving the human condition go tragically awry br br In this wide ranging and original book James C Scott analyzes failed cases of large scale authoritarian plans in a variety of fields Centrally managed social plans misfire Scott argues when they impose schematic visions that do violence to complex interdependencies that are not and cannot be fully understood Further the success of designs for social organization depends upon the recognition that local practical knowledge is as important as formal epistemic knowledge The author builds a persuasive case against development theory and imperialistic state planning that disregards the values desires and objections of its subjects He identifies and discusses four conditions common to all planning disasters administrative ordering of nature and society by the state a high modernist ideology that places confidence in the ability of science to improve every aspect of human life a willingness to use authoritarian state power to effect large scale interventions and a prostrate civil society that cannot effectively resist such plans