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Read online God and Mankind: Comparative Religions (The Great Courses).pdf PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC God and Mankind: Comparative Religions (The Great Courses) How do the major religions answer unanswerable questions What can we gain from their answers Why are we here What is my purpose Where do we go when we die Will I be forgiven Will we ever discover the source of the mystery Each of these questions raises countless more .

God and Mankind Comparative Religions by Professor Robert Oden is an ideal starting point for gaining some progress in considering these questions And if you ve been thinking about them for a while as so many do you will likely discover he has many fresh insights to offer you .

Professor Oden who holds degrees in Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations and Theology has taught at Harvard University and Dartmouth College over a long and exceptionally distinguished career as both teacher and college president .

His lectures approach religious belief and ritual as possible answers to these most difficult and enduring questions which have occupied humanity from the beginning .

An Ideal Starting Point for Inquiry The lectures underscore both the unity and the diversity of religious approaches to life in a sweeping conceptual grasp .

Professor Oden begins with a discussion of the nature and study of religion distinguishing between religion as both a matter of faith and as an appropriate subject of intellectual and academic pursuit .

In addition to discussing the four traditional views of religion Professor Oden proposes another a system of communication .

This serves as a crucial conceptual framework for exploring the thoughts of Mircea Eliade a historian of religion philosopher and professor at the University of Chicago who proposed that the best way to understand religions is to examine their views of how the world came into being and how it operates on a daily basis .

How Do We Reconcile Suffering and a Benevolent Deity Professor Oden continues with an investigation of the problem of reconciling an all powerful and benevolent deity with the suffering and evil that are part of human existence .

You will also look at the dynamics of religious communities in general and the impact of the Puritan religious tradition on America .

The introductory lecture lays out a framework for the study of religion beginning with the what and why of the matter and moving to how religions have been compared with history science psychology and society .

You learn that for religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism that see the world as old salvation comes by escaping from the endless cycle of birth and rebirth But Judaism and Christianity however see the world as relatively new and the goal is to gain more chances at life either collectively or individually .

Professor Oden addresses the centrality of myth in making sense of religious cosmologies and he places special emphasis on the birth narratives of religious heroes particularly the unusual circumstances surrounding their conception and birth .

Religious Heroes and Teachers in developing a framework for an extensive discussion of the ancient Sumerian myth the Epic of Gilgamesh and its cosmological implications .

You explore the notion of the anthropologist Arnold van Gennep later expanded by the American anthropologist Victor Turner that the rite of passage theme must be understood as central for religious cosmologies in general .

As with Gilgamesh this lecture looks at the stories of Moses Jesus Krishna and Gautama the Buddha unearthing in each a key point that aptly reflects the cosmology of the religion in question .

Professor Oden goes into a systematic analysis of the theodicy problem which is How can an all powerful and benevolent deity allow innocent people to suffer while often success and happiness seem to come to those who are evil All world religions have attempted to deal with this dilemma and five answers have been produced .

The discussion of theodicy continues by examining the most famous example in the Western religious tradition the book of Job and two of the main sources of Christian thinking on the topic the Apostle Paul and the th century Swiss theologian John Calvin .

By way of comparison Professor Oden also discusses the Hindu and Buddhist responses to the theodicy question including the Hindu doctrines of karmic law and transmigration of souls and the Buddhist teaching that life is suffering with the only release an acceptance of the impermanence of the universe and everything in it .

Ritual Sect and Church In examining ritual Professor Oden places special emphasis on its nature importance and ramifications for the religious community and then describes the dynamics of the development of two types of religious communities sect and church .

Professor Oden moves from the comparative sociology of religion to what might be termed the religious nature of a particular society the United States Drawing on the work of the Harvard scholar Sacvan Bercovitch the lecture addresses the American identity with reference to its Puritan origins .

Taking the theme of America and Americans being God s elect and the parallels between America and ancient Israel Professor Oden proposes an American civil religion whose themes include .

The chosen history of America A strong notion of covenant with America s fate emblematic of the world s The idea that in America the ultimate sovereignty is not the people s but God s In conclusion Professor Oden discusses four aspects of today s American identity that seem to have come directly from the Puritan tradition .

An anti intellectual bias toward individualism rather than collective experience and theory A bias against ritual The strongest fundamentalist tradition in the advanced industrialized world A uniquely American anxiety over vocational and occupational calling that is not found elsewhere in the world .

lectures minutes each Why Nothing Is as Intriguing as the Study of Religion Orienting Humanity Religions as Spiritual Compasses Religious Heroes Gilgamesh and the Dawn of History Religious Heroes Moses and Jesus Pondering Divine Justice Do We Suffer for Naught Defending Divine Justice Religious Accounts of Suffering Religious Rituals and Communities .

inging It All Back Home by Robert A. Oden

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God and Mankind: Comparative Religions (The Great Courses)
Title:God and Mankind: Comparative Religions (The Great Courses)
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Category:Religion, Philosophy, Non fiction, Theology
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God and Mankind: Comparative Religions (The Great Courses), The Night of the Child, The Syrian Goddess: De Dea Syria, The Old Testament: An Introduction, The Bible Without Theology: The Theological Tradition and Alternatives to It, Studies in Lucian's De Syria dea (Harvard Semitic monographs), Great World Religions: Beliefs, Practices, and Histories, Great World Religions Part I Overview: The Christian Religions and Religious Fundamentalism
No description available, How do the major religions answer unanswerable questions What can we gain from their answers Why are we here What is my purpose Where do we go when we die Will I be forgiven Will we ever discover the source of the mystery Each of these questions raises countless more br br God and Mankind Comparative Religions by Professor Robert Oden is an ideal starting point for gaining some progress in considering these questions And if you ve been thinking about them for a while as so many do you will likely discover he has many fresh insights to offer you br br Professor Oden who holds degrees in Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations and Theology has taught at Harvard University and Dartmouth College over a long and exceptionally distinguished career as both teacher and college president br br His lectures approach religious belief and ritual as possible answers to these most difficult and enduring questions which have occupied humanity from the beginning br br An Ideal Starting Point for Inquiry br The lectures underscore both the unity and the diversity of religious approaches to life in a sweeping conceptual grasp br br Professor Oden begins with a discussion of the nature and study of religion distinguishing between religion as both a matter of faith and as an appropriate subject of intellectual and academic pursuit br br In addition to discussing the four traditional views of religion Professor Oden proposes another a system of communication br br This serves as a crucial conceptual framework for exploring the thoughts of Mircea Eliade a historian of religion philosopher and professor at the University of Chicago who proposed that the best way to understand religions is to examine their views of how the world came into being and how it operates on a daily basis br br How Do We Reconcile Suffering and a Benevolent Deity br Professor Oden continues with an investigation of the problem of reconciling an all powerful and benevolent deity with the suffering and evil that are part of human existence br br You will also look at the dynamics of religious communities in general and the impact of the Puritan religious tradition on America br br The introductory lecture lays out a framework for the study of religion beginning with the what and why of the matter and moving to how religions have been compared with history science psychology and society br br You learn that for religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism that see the world as old salvation comes by escaping from the endless cycle of birth and rebirth But Judaism and Christianity however see the world as relatively new and the goal is to gain more chances at life either collectively or individually br br Professor Oden addresses the centrality of myth in making sense of religious cosmologies and he places special emphasis on the birth narratives of religious heroes particularly the unusual circumstances surrounding their conception and birth br br Religious Heroes and Teachers br in developing a framework for an extensive discussion of the ancient Sumerian myth the Epic of Gilgamesh and its cosmological implications br br You explore the notion of the anthropologist Arnold van Gennep later expanded by the American anthropologist Victor Turner that the rite of passage theme must be understood as central for religious cosmologies in general br br As with Gilgamesh this lecture looks at the stories of Moses Jesus Krishna and Gautama the Buddha unearthing in each a key point that aptly reflects the cosmology of the religion in question br br Professor Oden goes into a systematic analysis of the theodicy problem which is How can an all powerful and benevolent deity allow innocent people to suffer while often success and happiness seem to come to those who are evil All world religions have attempted to deal with this dilemma and five answers have been produced br br The discussion of theodicy continues by examining the most famous example in the Western religious tradition the book of Job and two of the main sources of Christian thinking on the topic the Apostle Paul and the th century Swiss theologian John Calvin br br By way of comparison Professor Oden also discusses the Hindu and Buddhist responses to the theodicy question including the Hindu doctrines of karmic law and transmigration of souls and the Buddhist teaching that life is suffering with the only release an acceptance of the impermanence of the universe and everything in it br br Ritual Sect and Church br In examining ritual Professor Oden places special emphasis on its nature importance and ramifications for the religious community and then describes the dynamics of the development of two types of religious communities sect and church br br Professor Oden moves from the comparative sociology of religion to what might be termed the religious nature of a particular society the United States Drawing on the work of the Harvard scholar Sacvan Bercovitch the lecture addresses the American identity with reference to its Puritan origins br br Taking the theme of America and Americans being God s elect and the parallels between America and ancient Israel Professor Oden proposes an American civil religion whose themes include br br The chosen history of America br A strong notion of covenant with America s fate emblematic of the world s br The idea that in America the ultimate sovereignty is not the people s but God s br In conclusion Professor Oden discusses four aspects of today s American identity that seem to have come directly from the Puritan tradition br br An anti intellectual bias toward individualism rather than collective experience and theory br A bias against ritual br The strongest fundamentalist tradition in the advanced industrialized world br A uniquely American anxiety over vocational and occupational calling that is not found elsewhere in the world br br lectures minutes each br Why Nothing Is as Intriguing as the Study of Religion br Orienting Humanity Religions as Spiritual Compasses br Religious Heroes Gilgamesh and the Dawn of History br Religious Heroes Moses and Jesus br Pondering Divine Justice Do We Suffer for Naught br Defending Divine Justice Religious Accounts of Suffering br Religious Rituals and Communities br Bringing It All Back Home, Part I of the Great World Religions series guides us through an overview of Christianity and examines the roots and forms of religious fundamentalism The first of the ten lectures in this part forms an introduction to the Great World Religions series which consists of fifty lectures divided into five parts br br Lecture One discusses the reasons for studying the great world religions and then introduces the study of Christianity It concludes with an overview of the remaining lectures contained in Part I br br Lecture Two provides background into the political social and religious context in which Christianity emerged The Hellenistic religions which emphasized miracles oracles and immortality are discussed Once the stage is set we are introduced to St Paul and the earliest Christians br br Lectures Three considers the story of Jesus as contained in the Christian Gospels The Synoptic Gospels of Matthew Mark and Luke are studied in order to gain insight into the historical Jesus br br Lecture Four outlines the differences between mainline churches and apocalyptic sects We also examine the history of early Christianity and how the expectation of a Second Coming or Parousia changed with the passage of time br br Lecture Five continues our examination of the history of the Christian religion and the establishment of Eastern Orthodox Christianity Eastern Orthodoxy emerged as a distinct variety of Christianity in the fourth century and it broke definitively with Rome in as a result of disagreements over icon veneration the role of the pope and the filioque the question of whether the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father alone or from both the Father and the Son br br Lecture Six explains the key tenets of Lutheranism and Calvinism From there we turn to the study of cyclical waves of revivalism in American Christianity The revivalist tradition is traced to a need to emphasize the salvation or damnation of individual Christians br br Lecture Seven considers Christian fundamentalism and its origin in the late nineteenth century The impacts of demographics urbanization philosophy and science on fundamentalist Christianity are discussed at length br Fundamentalism which is defined by some as anti modernism sought to mitigate these impacts while the mainline churches generally sought to accommodate the views of Immanuel Kant and other modern philosophers br br Lecture Eight continues the study of fundamentalism in America with a discussion of the famous Scopes trial in which Clarence Darrow squared off against William Jennings Bryan in an attempt to defend John Scopes s teaching of evolution to high school students Although Darrow and Scopes lost in court public opinion turned against the fundamentalists who retreated to what became known as the Bible Belt br br Lecture Nine examines the emergence of the religious right as marked especially by the creation of the Moral Majority in Dramatic shifts have taken place in the protection of religious liberty and the separation of church and state The new religious right emphasizes political activism at least as much as personal evangelism br br The concluding lecture returns to the broader theme of religious study and specifically the question of how to explain the similarities and differences among religions This lecture considers several theories including that of C G Jung to explain the simultaneous similarities and differences among religions br br Course Lecture Titles br Introduction br The Hellenistic World and the First Christian Communities br Jesus and the Gospel Traditions br Growth of the Early Christian Community br Eastern Orthodox Christianity br Reformed Christianity and the Revivalist Tradition br The Origins of Christian Fundamentalism br Fundamentalism in America Before and After the Scopes Trial br The New Religious Right the Millennial Extreme And Some Thoughts on Comparative Fundamentalism br Explaining Religions Differences and Similarities, No description available